- When it comes to science and engineering, female Ph.D.s in science and engineering earn 31% less than their male cohorts 1 year after graduation.
- When controlling for the fact that women tend to earn degrees in fields that pay less than those in which more men earn degrees, the observed gap dropped to 11%.
- The gap disappeared when controlling for whether the women were married and had children.
Using previously unavailable data concerning 1,237 students who received Ph.D.s from 4 U.S. universities between 2007-2010 as well as support for their research projects while completing their degrees, the researchers found:
- 59% of females (vs. 27% of males) completed dissertations in biology, chemistry, and health;
- males were more likely to complete degrees in fields that tend to be more lucrative, including engineering, computer science, and physics;
- the number of females and males who were married was roughly equivalent, with more males having children than females; and,
- married females with children received lower pay 1 year after graduation.
In a news release, a co-author of the study and professor of economics at Ohio State University, said Bruce Weinberg, noted:
There's a dramatic difference in how much early-career men and women in the sciences are paid. We can't tell from our data what's going on there. There's probably a combination of factors. Some women may consciously choose to be primary caregivers and pull back from work. But there may also be some employers putting women on a "mommy track" where they get paid less.
Let the discussion begin...
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